1982: 1st Annual Meeting

Organised by Mike Harrison with input from Maria Michejda, Charles Rodeck and Bill Clewell. Charlotte Catz was the NIH Person who provided some liaison and I suspect some funding. (You might want to check some of those details with both Mike {who may well have some interesting memory lapses} and Bill Clewell.)

President: There wasn’t a President, as such, but Mike more or less chaired the meeting.

The participants were all individually invited, and the small number was due to the fact that the meeting was held at the Kroc Foundation Ranch, and there was room for only 30 participants with almost everyone sharing a room.

If you look at some of the Participants listed, some of them included Mike’s Fellows.


Richard Berkowitz, Tim Canty, Charlotte Catz, Peter Callen, William Clewell, Alfred de Lorimier, Richard Depp, Michael Edwards, Roy Filly, John Fletcher, Frederic Frigaletto, Walter Garey, William Garrett, Mitchell Golbus, Michael Harrison, Albert Jonsen, Michael Johnson, Robert Krock, William Liley, Morris Mahoney, Frank Manning, Paul Meier, Maria Michejda, Donald Nakayama, Lewis Nelson, John Newkirk, Kevin Pringle, Charles Rodeck, Mark Rosen, Joseph Schulman.

The important things to emerge from this conference were an agreement to meet the following year, a Position Statement on invasive fetal therapy {Harrison, MR et al. Fetal treatment 1982: Consensus statement from Kroc Foundation Symposium. New England Journal of Medicine 307:1651-1652 (1982)}, and the setting up of an international Fetal Treatment Registry.

1983: 2nd  Annual Meeting

Held at Aspen, Colorado. Organised by Bill Clewell. Results of the Registry were reported. It was very apparent that the guidelines that had been set at the first meeting and had been reported in the New England Journal article, were being largely ignored. However, note that in these early meetings there was a strong representation from Ethicists such as John Fletcher and (I think) Al Johnson. It was at this meeting that the Society was actually formed and named. (I must admit that I was the one who insisted on the title of “International Fetal Medicine & Surgery Society.) There was also agreement that, in general, the meeting would be held outside of America every second year, although it was acknowledged that the first few meetings would need to be held in the USA, in order to provide time for other people to start to organize the meeting. It was at this meeting that the concept that the site of the meeting would cross an ocean every year was developed. To a very real extent, I drove that concept. I was extremely concerned that if we were not careful, then the organization would be dominated by the North Americans, just by virtue of the numbers that would be able to attend. This has been borne out by the fact that the European Meetings always have a much greater European attendance.

It was also at this meeting that it was decided that the most important job for the President was to organize the next meeting.

President: I guess that you would have to say Bill Clewell.

1984: 3rd Annual Meeting

Washington, DC. This was largely organized by Maria Michejda, although Joseph Schulman was recorded as being the first President (as defined by the criteria above). This meeting delivered an extremely important lesson:- don’t hold the meeting at a site where there are lots of distractions! A lot of the attendees spent most of the meeting visiting the sights around Washington DC.

President: Joseph Schulman

1985: 4th Annual Meeting

Brisk discussions about the reliability of various animal models for Neural Tube Defects. Discussions about Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and other Heart & Lung problems. Clear evidence from the Registry data that the guidelines that had been thrashed out at Santa Inez for the treatment of Hydrocephalus & hydronephrosis were largely being ignored by those involved in fetal intervention. The incredible discussions we had about the use of anencephalic fetuses as organ donors and the ethics and practical realities of fetal reductions.

President: Frank Manning

1986: 5th Annual Meeting

London, England.

President: Charles Rodeck

1987: 6th Annual Meeting

President: N/A

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1988: 7th Annual Meeting

Macinokic Island, Michigan, USA

President: Mark Evans

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1989 8th Annual Meeting

Asilomar, California, USA

President: Mike Harrision

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1990 9th Annual Meeting

Rotura, New Zealand

President: Kevin Pringle

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1991 10th Annual Meeting

Phoenix, Arizona

President: Bill Clewell

1992 11th Annual Meeting

Evian, France

President: Yves Dumez

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1993 12th Annual Meeting

Whistler, Canada

Presidents: Doug Wilson and Duncan F. Farquharson

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1994 13th Annual Meeting

Antwerp, Belgium

President: Camille VandenBerghe

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1995 14th Annual Meeting

Newport, Rhode Island, USA

President: Frank Chervenak

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1996 15th Annual Meeting

Capri, Italy

Present: Umberto Nicolini

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1997: 16th Annual Meeting

Juno, Alaska, USA

Presidents: Mark Johnson and Mark Evans

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1998: 17th Annual Meeting

Heron Island, Australia

President: Brian Trudinger

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1999: 18th Annual Meeting

Carlis, England

Presidents: Ross Welch and Bannister

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2000: 19th Annual Meeting

Nantucket, USA

President: Scott Adzick

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2001: 20th Annual Meeting

Kruger, South Africa

President: Nick Fisk

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2002: 21st Annual Meeting

La Malbaie, Quebec

President: Jean-Martin Laberge

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2003: 22nd Annual Meeting

Zermatt, Switerzland

President: Wolfgang Holzgreve

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2004: 23rd Annual Meeting

Charleston, South Carolina

President: Ken Moise

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2005: 24th Annual Meeting

Helsingor, Denmark

President: Connie Jorgenson

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2006: 25th Annual Meeting

Hawaii, USA

President: Mike Harrison

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2007: 26th Annual Meeting


President: Humphrey Kanhai

2008: 27th Annual Meeting

Athenian Riviera, Greece

President: Nikolaos Papadopulous, MD

2009: 28th Annual Meeting

Amazon, Brazil
Presidents: Ricardo Barini, MD & Eduardo Isfer

2010:  29th Annual Meeting

Kanagawa, Japan

President: Toshio Chiba

2011 30th Annual Meeting,

Sedona, Arizona, USA

President: Timothy Crobleholme
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio

2012 31st Annual Meeting

Queenstown, New Zealand

President: Kevin Pringle, M.D., University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand